Neonatal Continuously Positive Airway Pressure, also known simply as CPAP (pronounced “neonatal”), is a breathing technique for premature babies who have difficulty breathing. nCPAP is another acronym for “Neonatal Continuous positively airway pressure”. It is a device used to aid baby’s breathing. Babies born before the birth of a baby may not have developed fully their lungs and may not feel able to breathe. In these cases, constant positive airwaypressure is used to maintain the airways open. It pumps air in and forces out obstructions.
The majority of newborns in the developing world are affected by respiratory issues in some way. A common problem that newborns face is pneumonia. Many countries in the developing world have high rates of neonatal death. This means that the rate of death rises with the infant’s weight. Pneumonia remains one of the leading causes for death in developing countries. Those with high-quality medical care often have higher numbers of young adult victims of pneumonia. In many countries, the cost associated with health care, especially for premature babies is much higher than that required to treat pneumonia from poor ventilation and insufficient training.
Why Specialist Care is needed
A decrease in cases of respiratory disease such as pneumonia is making it more urgent to provide specialist care to neonates. The needs of vulnerable people are being met by specialist doctors and nurses. Particularly in South-east Asia (especially Singapore and Malaysia), the rate of chronic obstruction pulmonary disease (COPD), or a difficulty breathing that causes the patient’s to struggle for breath is high. There are far more premature deaths among this group. Even in relatively healthy nations like Mexico or Costa Rica, where life expectancy can be quite high, premature mortality from respiratory illness is a significant problem. Specialist doctors are important in developing nations where premature deaths from illness are a major concern.
Neonatal CPAP will provide the right airways for lung art forms, which are almost always pre-existing. These art forms have narrower nasal airways than the long, narrow ones found in adults. They are also smaller and more difficult to insulate than adult lungs. They need oxygen to survive. If the lungs cannot supply the blood and oxygen required, the neonate can become gravely ill and even death.
There are many options, but mechanical ventilation is probably the best. Since the 1970s when a non-ventilated room was introduced, mechanical ventilation has been used for the ventilation of neonates’ lung. This method is poor at insulation of the airways in neonates requiring special medical care. A pressurized mask/applica is the best option to ensure proper air flow and maintain consistent internal pressure. It is crucial that the mask offers good peripheral vision.
This mask has two windows. The infant will have one window in front of his nose. A second window extends along the side of his nose and up to the top of his nose. This allows the infant’s nose to open and allows them to breathe easily into both of their nostrils. The masks protect the infant from dust particles entering his nose and mouth. This can be extremely beneficial for premature babies, since respiratory infections are very common in very young kids.
The mask should have sufficient pressure to keep the air moving, in addition to the benefits of better circulation. Each mask has a different pressure. Some masks are more powerful than others. This depends on the age of the individual patient and their general health. A ventilator-based respirator mask is better for newborns than masks which have separate airways. For older infants it is better to have ventilation outlets at the rear of the mask.
CPAP Masks can provide enough function for many neonates through their first year of full-term life if taken care of. Although it’s not possible for all patients with severe disabilities this may be an option. Proper ventilation for healthy breathing is important for many neonates. If your baby does NOT require CPAP for the first 8 weeks of their lives, a visit with a neonatologist (or specialist) may be able help you find an alternative. Closed Suction System You will regret not having CPAP during your baby’s initial months. However, non-tertiary facilities can offer the best care. If you would like know more about this process then you can check various online sites such as hsi-med.com/en for information.